2012. № 1(3). Spring
NARRATION AND PLOT
V. Sh. Krivonos. Narration and Time (Gogol’s The Dead Souls)
The article considers the theoretical problem of narration and time using the example of Gogol’s The Dead Souls. The function and semantics of time in the narrative organization of the poem are analyzed.
Key words: narration; time; narrative organization; Gogol.
AUTHOR – NARRATOR – HERO
Do Hai Phong. Chronicler as an Artistic Decision of the Problem of Sobornost’ in F. M. Dostoevsky’s Novels of the 1870-s.
The author investigates some functions of the figure of Chronicler in F. M. Dostoevsky’s works; the stress is laid on the realization of the idea of sobornost’.
Key words: Dostoevsky; Chronicler; a subject of consciousness; author; narrator; narration; sobornost’; hybridity.
V. I. Tjupa. The Structure of Doctor Zhivago as Close to Poetic. (On Correlation between Author and Narrator)
The article examines structure peculiarities of Pasternak’s prose. Poet’s prose – this is the way how creative style of Pasternak as a novelist is traditionally characterized. Poetry and prose are not opposed by Pasternak, but constitute a meaningful gradation. At the same time, an essential difference between an author and narrator in an artistic narrative is illustrated.
Key words: narrative; author; narrator; structure; «poet’s prose»; B. Pasternak; Doctor Zhivago.
O. V. Fedunina. System of Narration and Problem of Viewpoints in the Soviet Police Long Short Story (A. Adamov, P. Nilin)
The article views singular features of a narrative and subject structure of the Soviet police long short story. A hypothesis is put forward that A. Adamov’s Case of «the Variegated» and P. Nilin’s Trial Period constitute two different lines that were outlined in the Soviet criminal literature in the early «Thaw» period, criminal and ideological and criminal and ethical.
Key words: narration; subject structure; point of view; the hero’s conceptual horizon; criminal literature; Soviet literature; police long short story; genre.
I. S. Belyaeva. Author and Hero in V. Nabokov’s Self-Parody Despair
The article is devoted to V. Nabokov’s novel Despair, his first «thoroughly parodic» novel that is entirely based on the principle of reduplication. While the «outer» and «inner» texts coincide, the structure «text in the text» helps us to see the struggle between narrative instances of the teller and author and evaluate the victory of the latter over the former.
Key words: V. Nabokov’s Despair; parody; reduplication; narrative instances; author; teller; plot; diary.
NARRATIVITY AND DRAMA
K. A. Barsht. On Inner and Outer Space of the Narrator’s Point of View in A. Platonov’s Play Noah’s Ark
Author’s remarks take up an unusually large space in A. Platonov’s Noah’s Ark both in terms of volume and significance. This gives Noah’s Ark its individual genre characteristics of a long short story presented in the form of a theatrical performance. The narrator sees and perceives reality as representing the world substance, so two communicative models are combined, the model «I and the Other» and self-communication, the latter turning awareness of the Whole into self-awareness. In the framework of his narrative system, Platonov models the ethic and ontological dominant that presupposes a narrative structure based on the equitable dialogue between the Whole and its part.
Key words: A. P. Platonov; narration; genre; point of view; voice and author’s remark; zero focalization; conceptual horizon / environment; self-communication; third-level eventfulness.
S. P. Lavlinsky. Performative Aspects of Alexander Stroganov’s Drama.
The author examines visual aspects of performatization of the newest Russian drama. As a vivid example of metadrama, the author analyzes the play Black, White, Accents of Red, Orange by the contemporary drama writer Alexander Stroganov.
Key words: drama; drama discourse; performativity; stage and drama chronotopos; reader-viewer.
NARRATIVITY AND LYRICAL POETRY
A. A. Chevtaev. Narrative Functions of Reiteration in J. Brodsky’s Poetry
The article examines functions of reiteration in the structure of J. Brodsky’s narrative poetry. The system of reiterations in the poet’s work is multifunctional. Reiteration facilitates splitting of the narrative situation into microevents that stress current changes on the diegetic textual level and in the lyrical subject-narrator’s consciousness. Thus it turns out to be a means of verifying the ontological nature of language as a phenomenon that reorganizes the universe.
Key words: lyrical subject; narrative lyrics; reiteration; plot; artistic axiology.
K. A. Vorotyntseva. Lyrical discourse in M. Shishkin’s novel Letter-Book
The paper focuses on particular features of the narrative organization of modern literary texts. Based on M. Shishkin’s novel Letter-Book the interaction of narrative and lyrical (performative) discourses is revealed. The realization of lyrical motifs and transformation of the narrative structure of a literary text are analyzed.
Key words: event; lyric poetry; lyrical motif; modern Russian prose; narrative; novel.
U. Margolin. From Predicates to People like Us. Kinds of Readerly Engagement with Literary Characters
The article puts forth a philosophically based ascending scale of kinds and degrees of reader engagement with literary characters. On the minimal, most basic level characters are seen as purely lexical items. On the next level they are regarded as objects of thought or mere possibilities. On the following level they are treated as individuals actually existing and acting is some world, and on the highest one we relate them to our own personal lives by responding to them emotionally, identifying with them, associating them with events in our own lives or letting their ideas, attitudes and behaviour influence or even guide and decide our lives. The philosophical scale on which the model is based is the de sensu, de dicto, de re and de se sequence of medieval philosophy.
Key words: character; reader; mode; de sensu; de dicto; de re; de se; engagement; predicate; proposition; claim; fiction.
SURVEYS AND REVIEWS
V. V. Maksimov. Relevance of Scientific Inquiry (V. I. Tjupa’s Narratological Theory)
The paper is a review of V. I. Tjupa’s narratological theory. Narrative is understood as a form of discourse that can serve as a means of strategic representation of event and eventfulness.
Key words: narratology; narrative; discourse; strategy.