N. V. Poselyagin (Moscow). Film as Object and Non-Object of Narratology.
Cinema is a synthetic kind of art that appeared as a merge of several others: visual and verbal ones. This is why it is difficult to include it into the narratological study: the questions are to what extent it can be the object of narratology and when other methods of analysis are needed for the research of cinema text. The article describes a few problems connected with including cinema into this conceptual domain and some possible modifications of narratological methods and terminology in relation to film as a peculiar type of text are proposed.
Key words: cinema; film; cinema text; cinema language; narratology; cinema narratology; point of view; montage; camera angle; focalization.
E. Yu. Kozmina (Ekaterinburg). The Character’s Manuscript as a Narratological Problem.
The article examines the narratological problem of finding textual indications of the narrative form of the work (the character’s manuscript) using the example of J. Finney’s novel «Time and Again». Depending on where they are found, main modes of depicting historical events are determined; conclusions are drawn about the «inner measure» (N. D. Tamarchenko) of historical adventure novel.
Key words: the character’s manuscript; the speech subject; narrator; teller; diegetic / non-diegetic narrator; historical adventure novel; Jack Finney; «Time and Again»; historical time; «inner measure» of the genre.
SPECIAL NARRATOLOGICAL RESEARCH
V. B. Zuseva-Özkan (Moscow). The Post-Cervantes Metanovel and Novel with Authorial Intrusions (a Narratological Aspect).
This paper which is a part of the book about historical poetics of metanovel explores narratological aspect of the influence made on the novel by Cervantes’s «Don Quixote». Being the very first example of metanovel, «Don Quixote» set one of the lines of development of the European novel; this line includes not only metanovels proper but also the so-called novels with authorial intrusions. The whole of historical poetics of metanovel can be represented as the dynamics of achievement and non-achievement by the latter the metanovel status in different literary epochs. This dynamics is demonstrated through the example of one literary work, «La vraie histoire comique de Francion» by Charles Sorel.
Key words: metanovel; novel with authorial intrusions; comic novel; mystification; ambiguity of the author’s figure; didactics and fun; veracity and fiction.
V. Sh. Krivonos (Samara). Voids in the Narrative Structure of M. Yu. Lermontov’s The Hero of Our Time.
Summary: The article considers the theoretical problem of the role of voids in the narrative structure using the example of M. Yu. Lermontov’s «The Hero of Our Time». Functions of the border as a place of the hero’s existence and transition as the spatial form of his existence are analyzed.
Key words: narrative structure; voids; space; border; transition; Lermontov.
G. A. Zhilicheva (Novosibirsk). Particular Features of Focalization in B. Pasternak’s Novel «Doctor Zhivago».
This article studies the system of details in Pasternak’s novel «Doctor Zhivago» that have important functions in building the narrative intrigue.
The visual code of the plot manifesting particularities of the narrator’s and the protagonist’s points of view, and the range of semantic elements (wolf — cloud — Blok — Magus) which are pointing to the narrative structure of the novel are analyzed.
Key words: focalization; detail; narrative strategy; intrigue.
O. V. Fedunina (Moscow). The Hero’s Conceptual Horizon in the Criminal Narrative: the Aspect of Genre.
The article poses a question about the correlatin between the relations of the heroes’ conceptual horizons and genre particularities of works belonging to the criminal literature. This aspect is viewed using the example of two leading criminal genres: classical detective story and «the victim’s investigation» that represent two opposite poles in terms of solving the problem of heroes-investigators’ conceptual horizons.
Key words: criminal literature; genre; conceptual horizon; point of view; focalization; plot; subject of investigation; classical detective story; thriller; noir; «the victim’s investigation».
E. A. Kazankova (Minsk, Belarus). The Indirect Authorial Narration and Direct Nomination in John von Düffel’s Novel «The Best Years».
The article focuses on the specific character of textual interference in John von Düffel’s novel «The Best Years» (2007). This study is limited to the study of such forms of textual interference as figurally colored narration and quoted figural designation in the structure of narrative. This paper is focused on the analysis of semantics and structure of textual interference, as well as distribution of figurally colored narration and quoted figural designation. The article also addresses the degree of textual presence of figurally colored narration and quoted figural designation and degree of expansion / reduction of direct speech in them.
Key words: textual interference; figurally colored narration; quoted figural designation; free indirect discourse; direct speech; indirect speech; narrative.
NARRATIVITY IN LYRICAL POETRY
A. A. Chevtaev (St. Petersburg). The Plot and Story Structure of a Lyrical Narrative.
The article examines particularities of the plot and story organization of a lyrical narrative considering N. Gumilev’s, A. Akhmatova’s and O. Mandelstam’s poetical works. The analysis of narrative principles in acmeistic lyrical texts allows us to single out several types of relations between the story and lyrical plot: «external», «perceptive» and «syncretic» ones. These structures show that a story in narrative lyrical poetry stimulates dynamic development of lyrical condition as a leading principle of interaction on the axis «The Self — the Universe».
Key words: acmeism; lyrical subject; lyrical narrative; plot; story.
NARRATIVITY IN HISTORIOGRAPHY
V. N. Syrov (Tomsk). What historical narrative should be like?
The article tries to analyze and determine the prospects of research potential of historical narration. It is shown that the community of historians still perceives the production of historical texts as verbalization of untold stories. This type of narration can be called traditional narrative. It is shown that such an approach defines historical narratives only as a possible object of study, but not as an essential type of discourse. It is affirmed that modern historical narrative should be constituted not by the temporary framework and use of new literary forms, but by posing the problem (starting point), promotion of the hypothesis (intrigue and climax) and the explication of arguments (outcome).
Key words: narrative, traditional narrative, contemporary narrative, historical writing, author, narrator, reader.
ACTUAL INTERNATIONAL NARRATOLOGY
Dan Shen (Beijing, China). Narratorial Unreliability: Types, Approaches, and Extensions.
This article offers a comprehensive discussion of narratorial unreliability. Starting with Booth’s pioneering attempt, it points out five characteristics of Booth’s theory, and discusses how Phelan refines and extends Booth’s distinction of different types of unreliability. The article then explores the nature and function of the rhetorical and cognitive/constructivist approaches to unreliability and reveals the essential relationship between the two approaches. This is followed by a discussion of unreliability in film and autobiography. The article also suggests topics for further investigation and further reading on unreliability.
Key words: unreliability; different types; rhetorical approach; cognitive/constructivist approach; extension to film and autobiography.
SURVEYS AND REVIEWS
L. V. Tataru (Balashov). The International Conference «Russian Trace in Narratology» (Balashov, November 26 — 28, 2012).
The review is devoted to the conference «Russian Trace in Narratology» organized by the Chair of Foreign Languages, Balashov Institute of Saratov State University named after N.G. Chernyshevsky and taken place in November 26 — 28, 2012. The conference had an interdisciplinary character and united specialists in various fields of humanitarian knowledge: literary theorists, linguists, cultural studies scholars, psychologists and pedagogues. Research paradigms of classical and postclassical theories of narrative were discussed with the focus on the Russian influence on development of narratology since the beginning of the 20th century.
Key words: «Russian Trace in Narratology»; programme of the conference; narrative; map of contemporary narratology; classical narratology; postclassical narratology.