Christine Gölz (Leipzig, Germany). Theories of the Author in the 20th Century Eastern European Philology. Part 2. Theory of the Author in the Czech and Polish Structuralism.
Abstract. The article deals with the notion of the “Author” in the theories of the narration which have been developed in the East European literary criticism since the beginning of the 20th century. The first section of the presented work, devoted to the history of the Russian school from the times of the Russian formalism up to the emergence of B. O. Khorman’s theory, was published in the previous issue of the “Narratorium” journal. The second section, presented here, deals with the theory of the “Author” in the Czech and Polish structuralism.
Key words: the theory of the Author; structuralism; the Author’s mask; communication.
Konstantin V. Nazarov (Moscow). The Problem of Focalization in the Old Testament Narrative.
Abstract. The article starts with the introduction of major works in the area of biblical studies that deal with the problem of focalization in Old Testament narratives. It then emphasizes the importance of the problem discussed by demonstrating different ways the Old Testament authors focalized their narratives in seeking aesthetic effect, as well as for theological purposes. In particular, focalization is discussed in relation to the figure of the omniscient God-the-hero and the problems of extensive use of details in the narrative, as well as to the narrowing of the characters’ scope of vision and the direct speech they use.
Key words: focalization; Old Testament narrative; omniscient God-the-hero; detailing; restriction of field; direct speech.
Olga V. Fedunina (Moscow). Dreams in Literature as the Subject of Narratology.
Abstract. The article surveys the following aspects of the “literary dreaming” poetics, which, according to the author, are of certain interest to the narratology: the division of the dreaming character into two entities — the visionary, on the one hand, and the actor, on the other; the delimitation of the “dreamt” and “real” aspects of the character’s scope of vision (on the material of prophetic and “unannounced” dreams); the narrative structure of the dreams, as well as different ways of their textual representation. In perspective the problems discussed here can be studied within the context of the problem of the literary genre.
Key words: literary dream; subject structure; narrative structure; subject of vision; subject of the action; character’s outlook; point of view; genre.
Valerij I. Tiupa (Moscow). The Narration’s Logos: The Project of Historical Narratology.
Abstract. The author sets the task of introducing a new trend into theory of literature — the historical narratology that would not limit itself to diachronic observations of the dynamics of narrative techniques and forms, but would seek to identify the laws of evolution of narration in different epochs of the human culture. This article focuses on the typology and historical shifts of the narration’s logos — the constructive principle of the narrative acts’ verbal manifestation. The material of the study is made up of Karamzin’s, Pushkin’s, Turgenev’s and Chekhov’s literary works united by the presence of a love scene in their plots.
Key words: narration; logos; indexes; emblems; icons; metabola; historical narratology.
Victor A. Milovidov (Tver). Narration and Everydayness.
Abstract. The article deals with the relations between narration and “everydayness” (Alltäglichkeit) given in retrospect — from Flaubert, and via A. C. Doyle, to Joyce. Initially, being bound (in classical prose) by certain narrative patterns, everydayness, in its turn, monitors those, thus harmonizing the conflict inherent to the relations between art and reality.
Key words: narration; everydayness; detective fiction; plot.
Ekaterina Yu. Sokruta (Donetsk — Moscow). Historical Dynamic of Metanarration.
Abstract. The article is devoted with issue of metanarration in contemporary literature, especially of the narrator’s voice in the novel, as well as the need for diachronic consideration metanarrative receptions in a literary text.
Key words: metanarration; metafiction; modern novel; the narrator comments; historical dynamics.
SPECIAL NARRATOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Vladislav Sh. Krivonos (Samara). On the Narrative Pattern of Gogol’s “Diary of a Madman”
Abstract. The article deals with those characteristics of the narrative pattern in Gogol’s “Diary of a Madman”, which has not yet been in the focus of the scholars’ attention. The author argues that the logic of the character’s insanity is equal to the logic of the narrative grotesque. The interrelation of the latter with the grotesque reality is viewed upon as one of the most substantial factors in the formation of the narrative’s semantic structure.
Key words: Gogol; diary; logic of insanity; logic of grotesque; grotesque reality; narrative grotesque.
Angelika Molnár (Szombathely, Hungary). The Scriptors of Fates: A Hero of Our Time by Lermontov and The Precipite by Goncharov Viewed in the Perspective of Narratological Analysis and Discourse Analysis.
Abstract. In this article we analyze the cases of potential narrative and discoursive interaction between Lermontov’s and Goncharov’s novels. The definition of the genre is done through common metaphors.
Key words: Lermontov; “A Hero of Our Time”; Goncharov; “The Precipice”; metaphors of the genre; the problems of the narrative.
Nicolay V. Poselyagin (Moscow). Characteristics of Boris Pilnyak’s Novel The Naked Year Narrative Structure.
Abstract. The main hypothesis of this article is that the novel The Naked Year is made by so-called junction principle which is a special form of structure of (modernist) literary work of art. In this structure, inner space of the novel and plot actions are condensed in a network of interrelated locations (narrative “junctions” or “knots”); the general plot structure and chronology recede into the background as against a set of particular plots and times (chronologies) closed inside the narrative junctions; and ideologies or any other symbolic categories get some autonomy and start to act along with characters in the text, and it is reflected in a general structure of the narrative intrigue. This article is devoted to a problem in which ways this structure represents itself in The Naked Year.
Key words: junction structure of narration; chronotope; event; eventfulness; plot.
Olga A. Grimova (Krasnodar). The Poetics of Enigmatic Intrigue in E. G. Vodolazkin’s novel Solovyov and Larionov.
Abstract. The article is devoted to the structure of enigmatic intrigue in E. G. Vodolazkin’s novel Solovyov and Larionov. It has a complex structure: its “branches” form inclusive relationships which means that one of the “branches” is incorporated into another. The author also identifies and analyzes the means of constructing the narrative intrigue of the text.
Key words: E. G. Vodolazkin; modern Russian novel; narrator; narrative intrigue; enigmatic intrigue.
NARRATIVITY IN LYRICAL POETRY
Arkadij A. Chevtaev (St. Petersburg). Narrative Lyrics and Non-Narrative “Epos” in the Poetry by O. Mandelstam.
Abstract. Interaction between narrative and non-narrative elements in the structure of Mandelstamian poetical universe is examined in the presented article. The analysis of O. Mandelstam’s poetry shows that the discursive dichotomy of narrativity and performativity promotes the construction of artistic reality, where lyricism of the epic world vision and “epicism” of the lyrical eventfulness are syncretically connected. In Mandelstam’s works the epic world picture may be disclosed in non-narrative ways, while the self-presentation of the microcosm acquires narrative objectification in the plot-fiction concreteness of the outward reality. This mutual penetration of the lyrical and the epic creates the ideologeme of principal participation of the individual “Self” in all events happening in the Universe.
Key words: O. Mandelstam; lyrical narrative; performativity; plot; artistic axiology; epic world picture.