Wolf Schmid (Hamburg, Germany). Perspectives and Limits of Cognitive Narratology. (On the Works by Alan Palmer on Fictional Mind and Social Mind)
The British cognitive narratologist Alan Palmer’s works on “fictional mind” and “social mind” as the ways human mind is represented in fiction have been criticized in many ways, first of all by empirically working psychologists. The present article sums up the disscussion about these concepts and describes both prospects of the cognitive approach and some of its drawbacks.
Key words: cognitive narratology; mind; the reader’s reception of narrative; empirical psychology.
Christine Gölz (Leipzig, Germany). Theories about the Author in the 20th century Eastern European Philology. Part I. From Early Formalism to Boris Korman’s School
The article deals with the notion of the author developed in the Eastern European theories of narration since the early 20th century. The first part discusses the history of the Russian theories starting with early formalism, in particular the model of the author as a mask, and describes Vinogradov’s prototype of the implied author, Bakhtin’s counter-model and Boris Korman’s attempt at synthesizing these approaches. The second part on the author in Czech and Polish structuralism will be published in one of the next issues of Narratorium.
Key words: history of (proto)narratology in the Soviet Union; author; Russian formalism; Gruzdev; Tynianov; Vinogradov; Bakhtin; Korman; functionalism; Russian school; author as a mask; the author’s image; implied author.
Ludmila V. Comuzzi (Balashov). Rhythm as a Principle of Narrative Conceptual Organization
The article considers two basic functions of rhythm, namely, the concept-generating and the communicative ones. It asserts that the study of textual compositional and rhythmic patterns is crucial for cognitive narratology and cognitive linguistics.
Key words: concept; frame; gestalt; narrative; composition; point of view; rhythm.
SPECIAL NARRATOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Angelika Molnár (Szombathely, Hungary). A Metamorphosis of Narration (The Death of Ivan Ilyich)
The article analyzes L. Tolstoy’s story The Death of Ivan Ilyich in terms of narrative and discourse regularities in the way metaphors of death are represented and shows how they correlate with the problem of “the search for a right name”. The article briefly observes a diverse process of poetic creation of meanings in Tolstoy’s story The Death of Ivan Ilyich in whose end the trial (illness) for which life (death) is committed results in death as enlightenment and new life. First, the issues of the narrative structure are examined. Then a general characteristics and study of the problem of naming are given, touching upon such motifs as “trial”, “illness” and “death”. The main part of the article is devoted to the particular way the given problems are solved, and puts forward arguments in the form of examples. These questions may be interesting not only for investigators of Tolstoy’s writings but also for those literary theorists who study narrative and motif aspects of literary texts.
Key words: L. Tolstoy; The Death of Ivan Ilyich; narration; metaphors of death; the problem of naming.
Natalia N. Kirilenko (Moscow). Criminal Narrator in A. Chekhov’s and A. Christie’s Works
The article examines two similar narrative devices used in Chekhov’s The Shooting Party and Christie’s The Murder of Roger Ackroyd and explains an essential difference between their genres.
Key words: classic detective story; crime fiction; Russian crime novel; criminal narrator; narrative device; genre; novel; story.
Elena Yu. Kozmina (Ekaterinburg). Parabolic Narrative in the Dystopian Novel
The article describes peculiarities of parabolic narration in the genre of the dystopian novel studying the novel We by Ye. Zamyatin. The system of allusions to “immediate reality” (M. Bakhtin) is examined, and two stories are singled out on this basis, the one that is told and the one implied. Comparing these stories, the author defines functions of parabolic narration in the dystopian novel: development of the implied story and creation of a “literary stereo effect”. As a result, the novel can be given more diverse interpretations.
Key words: parabolic narration; dystopian novel; allegory; satire; “immediate reality”; Ye. Zamyatin; We.
Veronika B. Zuseva-Özkan (Moscow). Frame Narrative and Inner Stories in the Metanovel by Italo Calvino Se Una Notte D’inverno Un Viaggiatore
This paper, part of the book about historical poetics of the metanovel, explores the problem of correspondence between the frame narrative and inner stories in the metanovel by I. Calvino Se una notte d’inverno un viaggiatore. The article demonstrates that the novel which is said to focus on the act of reading turns out to focus on the act of writing – the process of its own coming into being. The fictive authors are revealed, and parallels between the main structural levels of the frame and inner stories are analyzed (plot, composition and the system of characters). The article determines the place of this Calvino’s work in historical poetics of the metanovel.
Key words: metanovel; frame story; inner story; author and reader; fictive authors; literary hoax; the doubles; guarantee of sense.
Alla A. Dzundubaeva (Almaty, Kazakhstan). Quasi-Dialogue as a Confessional Form of Narration in Ruslan Kireev’s Novel Apologia
The article analyzes narrative forms and devices in the novel Apologia by R. Kireev written in a confessional form. A quasi-dialogue as a form of the hero’s confession to himself is viewed as the key narrative device.
Key words: narrative structure; narrative device; narrator; narration; equivalence; dialogue; confession.
Olga A. Grimova (Krasnodar). Narrative Intrigue in E. Vodolazkin’s Novel Lavr
The article explores the narrative intrigue in E. Vodolazkin’s novel Lavr. The hagiographical intrigue (related to the search for a right way) and the novel intrigue subordinated to it interact with one another, forming the intrigue of overcoming time that is main in the novel. It structures not only events that are told about, but also the event of telling, i.e. the speech level of the text.
Key words: E. Vodolazkin’s novel Lavr; narrative intrigue; intrigue of a hagiographical text; novel intrigue; intrigue construction tools.
NARRATIVITY IN LYRICAL POETRY
Arkadij A. Chevtaev (Saint-Petersburg). Narrativity of a Lyrical Text in B. Pasternak’s Cycle The Poems of Yury Zhivago
The article examines narrative devices employed in lyrical utterances in B. Pasternak’s cycle The Poems of Yury Zhivago. Analysis of poetics of these texts shows that narrativity is among the main characteristics of their structure. Narrative “shaping” of performative utterances, uncompleted fabula, lyrical narration that acquires epical qualities and “providential” narrative are different ways of constructing a plot (syuzhet) and fabula of lyrical utterances in the cycle. They shed light on various dimensions of human existence in the context of natural and historical time.
Key words: B. Pasternak; lyrical narrative; lyrical hero; eventfulness; plot (syuzhet); artistic ideology.