TO THE 120TH ANNIVERSARY OF M. M. BAKHTIN
An International Conference devoted to the 120th anniversary of M. M. Bakhtin was held in 29—30 May 2015 in Academic Center of Veszprem (Hungarian). In this issue we publish a series of papers given at the conference.
Valerij I. Tiupa (Moscow)
Bakhtin’s Place in Modern Narratology
Abstract: The article deals with considerable, but not apparent Bakhtin’s contribution to contemporary narratology. The significance of Bakhtin’s thought especially felt in three domains of narratological problems: the correlation between figures of author and narrator; the problem of event and eventfulness; metalinguistic conception of nature of the narrative word. The most important lesson of Bakhtin is the prospects of transition from theoretical abstractions to historical narratology.
Key words: Bakhtin; author; event; heteroglossia,; historical narratology.
Wolf Schmid (Hamburg, Germany)
Bakhtin and the Problem of the Author
Abstract: The article is devoted to the question of the author, which occupies a central place in Bakhtin works and to which various approaches are also possible. In literary research we propose for readers’ attention Bakhtin concept of relationship between the author and the character that takes different forms in different phases of Bakhtin’s thought development.
Key words: incarnation of authorship in fiction; author and character; crisis of authorship; abstract author; abstract reader.
Árpád Kovács (Budapest, Hungary)
The problem of coreference in the light of humanitarian thought of Mikhail Bakhtin
Abstract: The article focuses on the problem of coreferences that affecting to the reader’s self-understanding in Bakhtin’s philosophy of language. At the same time the focus is the word “event of being” and understanding of the term-meaning by the perceiving person. Referring to works by F. M. Dostoyevsky, M. Yu. Lermontov, A. S. Pushkin, N. V. Gogol, A. P. Chekhov, the author shows how to coreferent making sense of the story is directly linked with the person’s self-understanding and his reducing identity.
Key words: philosophy of language; word; discourse; person; Bakhtin; “event of being”; “sense of being”; action; self-understanding; identity.
Ivan Verč (Trieste, Italy)
Whose Kenosis are We Talking about?
Abstract: To determine its own methodological categories literary theory borrowed their terminology from the other not just humanities sciences. For example Bakhtin’s fundamental question about the relationship between the author and the character has been reduced to a theological category of “kenosis” (K. Clark and M. Holquist). Bakhtin’s “kenotic” relationship between the author and the character is a process of “emptying” of literally Greek lexeme κενωσις (kenosis). In his works, Bakhtin didn’t use lexemes neither “kenosis” no “emptying”, “empty”. In order to clarify the concept of kenosis in poetological sense we must to “empty” the concept and put the question about how it talking about itself while manifests itself as artistic word. In literature frame kenosis talks about itself in different practices of “emptying”.
Key words: Bakhtin; kenosis; poetic word; action of emptying.
Silence as Involvement. (Bakhtin’s Theory of Utterance and Hungarian Novel of the 20th Century)
Abstract: The article deals with the problem of silence in M. M. Bakhtin’s treatment — as an act of complicity acquiring the ontological status of the event. The author traces the relationship between this concept and Hungarian literary tradition of the 20th century. As a material for comparative analysis the author attracts Dezső Kostolany, J. Pilinsky, L. Nemeth works.
Key words: silent; dialog; M. M Bakhtin; “event of being”; involvement.
István Nagy (Budapest, Hungary)
Tsvetaeva and Bakhtin. Philosophical and Literary Texts
Abstract: In the proposed research the author considers a dialogue between literature and philosophy, especially – Tsvetaeva’s aesthetic views in the context of Bakhtin’s philosophy and by contrast, philosophical hermeneutics and literary anthropology of Bakhtin in terms of personalistic Tsvetaeva’s poetics. Bakhtin's philosophy and Tsvetaeva’s poetics contact in fundamental thesis of hermeneutics, according to which “the aesthetics should be part of hermeneutics”. Comparative reading of Bakhtin’s and Tsvetaeva’s works at the same time shows that their “metaworldview” takes its roots in the Russian personalistic tradition. Ideological, theoretical cornerstone of Bakhtin’s hermeneutics is a thesis about the language that in the first place and in every human situation is interpersonal, dialogical. Tsvetaeva considers a special way of being in art, not in the narrow perspective of aesthetic consciousness, but from the relevant measurement hermeneutic thought. Her hermeneutics is philological hermeneutics that takes language as a guide for understanding things, and things for her, as the poet, always “fraught with the word” (Bakhtin).
Key words: Bakhtin; Tsvetaeva; personalism in literary anthropology; philosophy of action; philological hermeneutics; dialogics; personalism as a poetics.
Konstantin A. Barsht (St. Petersburg)
The Dramatic Action in Narrotological Aspect
Abstracts: The article analyzes the characteristics of the narrative in dramatic genres: the performance and the preliminary draft of the performance — text of the play. Hypothesis is that a play is not the same as the theatrical performance, being the non-narrative draft that is performing to dramatics by the actor as a real author’s process. The article also states the ternary structure of the aesthetic communication and proposed narrative formula of the of theatrical action that takes into account what has been said in the article about the ternary level model of aesthetic communication and three-pillar structure of the authorship in the sequence: a play — a performance.
Key words: play; spectacle; dramatic action; authorship; ternary aesthetic communication; narrative structure; the formula of communication in dramatic representation.
Olga N. Turysheva (Ekaterinburg)
To Receptive Expectations of Realistic Text
Abstract: The article focuses on the specifics of modeling of reader’s reaction in realistic literature; it considers the conflict between the receptive requirements of a text and the nature of the reader’s image, also the author puts forward suggestion about the change of perceptions about readers’ activity in French literature of realism and, therefore, about the evolution of its implicit reader.
Key words: implicit reader; receptive expectations; realism; realistic narrative; hero-reader.
SPECIAL NARRATOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Ekaterina Yu. Sokruta (Donetsk — Moscow)
Metanarrative Aspects of “a story within a story”
Abstract: The article deals with “a story within a story” as a recursive technique and a one way of metanarrative possibilities actualization. “A story within a story” serves both to clarify the character’s identity or plot, and for understanding of the narrative as is, reflection on its features and abilities.
Key words: “а story within a story”; metanarrativity; metanarrative techniques; narrative identity.
Larisa E. Muravieva (Nizhny Novgorod)
Mise en Abyme: Ways of Presentation in Narrative Text
Abstract: The article turns to the study of the semantic potential of the mise en abyme narrative figure. Traditionally, the mise en abyme is regarded to be a means of creating a metafictional effect while the semantic structure of the text containing mise en abyme is not considered. In this paper, this phenomenon is studied in terms of semantic relations among narrative levels. On the basis of categorical features of narrative three types of semantic relations defined by the mise en abyme are distinguished, they are specifying, masking, and diminishing the meaning of the text.
Key words: mise en abyme; fuzzy category; reduplication; semantic relations; narrative level.
Natalia Yu. Simonenko (Volgograd)
Genre Differentiation of Chinese Narrative Songs in the Diachronic Aspect
Abstract: The article deals with the revealing of genre specificity of Chinese song narratives. Particular attention is devoted to the dynamics of narrative song genres during the 20th — 21st century and to the reasons for choosing definite genre for song narratives in accord with historical situation.
Key words: Chinese narrative song; song narrative; genre; genre specificity; genre differentiation; narrative analysis.
Vladislav Sh. Krivonos (Samara)
On the Narrative Structure of the Story “A Scandal in Bohemia” by A. Conan Doyle
The article discusses the role of the narrator and the function of text in the text in the narrative structure of A. Conan Doyle’s story “A Scandal in Bohemia”. The secret which was disclosed in the course of the narrative is the process of investigation. The methods and the techniques of investigation related to the detective’s personal characteristics endowed with his unique intelligence. The narrative structure of the story is a proof of this idea.
Key words: narrative structure; narrator; biographer; observer; text in the text; note; letter.
Olga V. Fedunina (Moscow)
“English Mint” (“L’Amante Anglaise”) by M. Duras: Particular Qualities of Narrative Structure and Criminal Event
Abstract: The article deals with the characteristics of narrative structure of “English mint” by M. Duras that are related to rethinking of traditional criminal literature by “new” French novel. The author pays special attention to such “denarrativization” of the novel that is built like exchange of remarks between the characters free of any other inclusions. The study made clear that such a structure is particularly actualizes the problem of the event existence — the outer, crime, and mental, true or false dialogue “right” question and the answer to it, etc. This allows access to the generic outline the specifics of “English Mint” and it’s belonging to the epic or drama.
Key words: M. Duras; “English mint”; narrative structure; denarrativization; criminal literature; dialog; event; epic; drama.